The George Institute For Global Health
United Kingdom

The effect of extended hours dialysis on sleep quality in a randomised trial.

TitleThe effect of extended hours dialysis on sleep quality in a randomised trial.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsLiao, J-L, van den Broek-Best, O, Smyth, B, Hong, D, Vo, K, Zuo, L, Gray, NA, Chan, CT, de Zoysa, J, Perkovic, V, Jiang, L, Jardine, M
JournalNephrology (Carlton)
Date Published2018 Feb 09

BACKGROUND: Poor sleep quality is common in haemodialysis patients and associated with worse outcomes. In this pre-specified analysis, we examined the impact of extended hours haemodialysis on sleep quality.

METHODS: The ACTIVE Dialysis trial randomized 200 participants to extended (≥24 hours/week) or standard (target 12-15 hours) hours haemodialysis over 12 months. Sleep quality was measured in the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form 1.3 (KDQOL-SF) by overall sleep quality score (0-10, 10 = "very good") and the sleep subscale (0-100, 100 = 'best possible sleep') every three months via blinded telephone interviewer. The average intervention effect was calculated by mixed linear regression adjusted by time point and baseline score. Factors predicting sleep quality were assessed by multivariate regression analysis.

RESULTS: Overall sleep quality score and sleep subscale at baseline were similar in both groups (5.9 [95%CI 5.4-6.4] vs 6.3 [5.9-6.8]; 65.0 [60.9-69.1] vs 63.2 [59.1-67.3]; extended and standard hours respectively). Extended hours haemodialysis led to a non-significant improvement in overall sleep quality score (average intervention effect 0.44 (-0.01-0.89), p=0.053) and sleep subscale (average intervention effect 3.58 (-0.02-7.18), p= 0.051). Poor sleep quality was associated with being female and with current smoking. Sleep quality was positively associated with EuroQol-5D (EQ5D) and the SF-36 Physical Component and Mental Component Summary Scores but not with hospitalisations.

CONCLUSIONS: Sleep quality was not significantly improved by extended hours dialysis in this study. Sleep quality is positively correlated with quality of life in haemodialysis patients and is poorer in women and current smokers.

Alternate JournalNephrology (Carlton)
PubMed ID29424935