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The Science of Salt: A Systematic Review of Quality Clinical Salt Outcome Studies June 2014 to May 2015

TitleThe Science of Salt: A Systematic Review of Quality Clinical Salt Outcome Studies June 2014 to May 2015
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsJohnson, C, Raj, TS, Trieu, K, Arcand, J, Wong, MM, Mclean, R, Leung, A, Campbell, NR, Webster, J
JournalJ Clin Hypertens (Greenwich)
Volume18
Pagination832-9
Date Published09/2016
ISBN Number1751-7176 (Electronic)<br/>1524-6175 (Linking)
Accession Number27439904
Call Number[IF]: 2.851
Abstract

Studies identified from an updated systematic review (from June 2014 to May 2015) on the impact of dietary salt intake on clinical and population health are reviewed. Randomized controlled trials, cohort studies, and meta-analyses of these study types on the effect of sodium intake on blood pressure, or any substantive adverse health outcomes were identified from MEDLINE searches and quality indicators were used to select studies that were relevant to clinical and public health. From 6920 studies identified in the literature search, 144 studies were selected for review, of which only three (n=233,680) met inclusion criteria. Between them, the three studies demonstrated a harmful association between excess dietary salt and all-cause mortality, noncardiovascular and cardiovascular disease mortality, and headache. None of the included studies found harm from lowering dietary salt. The findings of this systematic review are consistent with the large body of research supportive of efforts to reduce population salt intake and congruent with our last annual review from June 2013 to May 2014.

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