|Title||Impact of Prior Use of Four Preventive Medications on Outcomes in Patients Hospitalized for Acute Coronary Syndrome--Results from CPACS-2 Study|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Li, M, Huang, Y, Du, X, Li, S, Ji, J, Patel, A, Gao, R, Wu, Y|
|ISBN Number||1932-6203 (Electronic)<br/>1932-6203 (Linking)|
|Call Number||[IF]: 3.234|
BACKGROUND: It is widely reported that long-term use of four preventive medications (antiplatelet agents, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor / angiotensin receptor blocker, statin and beta-blockers) reduce the risk of subsequent acute coronary syndromes (ACS). It is unclear whether these four medications benefit patients who develop ACS despite its use. METHODS AND RESULTS: Logistic regression and propensity-score was applied among 14790 ACS patients to assess the association between prior use of four preventive medications and in-hospital outcomes including severity of disease at presentation (type of ACS, systolic blood pressure <90 mmHg, and heart rate> = 100 beats/min), complicating arrhythmia and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs, including all deaths, non-fatal myocardial infarction or re-infarction, and non-fatal stroke). Prior use of each of the four medications was significantly associated with less severity of disease (ORs ranged from 0.40 to 0.82, all P<0.05), less arrhythmia (ORs ranged from 0.45 to 0.64, all P<0.05), and reduced risk of MACEs (ORs ranged from 0.59 to 0.73, all P<0.05) during hospitalization. Multiple variable-adjusted ORs of MACEs were 0.77, 0.67, 0.48 and 0.59 respectively in patients with 1, 2, 3 and 4 medications in comparison with patients with none, and other clinical outcomes showed the same trend (P for trend < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Among ACS patients in our study, those with prior use of four preventive medications presented with less disease severity, developed less arrhythmia and had a lower risk of in-hospital MACEs. The value of taking these medications may beyond just preventing occurrence of the disease.
Impact of Prior Use of Four Preventive Medications on Outcomes in Patients Hospitalized for Acute Coronary Syndrome--Results from CPACS-2 Study