Prevalence of HIV/AIDS in India is nearly one-fourth the global rate; for TB and malaria, rates of new infections are decreasing but levels remain higher than the global average; India is one of three countries that accounted for
half of all malaria deaths last year.
The slew of proposals to boost the health care sector presented by the Union Finance Minister, Mr Arun Jaitley, as part of the 2014-15 India budget augurs well for tackling pre-mature deaths and disability caused by non-communicable diseases in the country.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in China and is closely associated with high blood pressure. Excessive salt intake is responsible for high blood pressure. Therefore, understanding the effects of sodium reduction and salt substitutes on serious vascular outcomes like stroke will be of great importance.
Dr Ruth Webster is a senior research fellow at The George Institute for Global Health. Recently, she presented the results of TGI's polypill studies, SPACE and TRIUMPH, at the World Cardiology Congress.
Recent studies that point to differences between the men and women in cardiovascular disease and diabetes are a wake-up call for Indian researchers who must undertake more gender specific research on the consequences of diabetes.